Business Word/Phrase of the Day

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STOCK stɒk

08 Mar 2020


  • Shares (portion of the capital of a business company) held by an investor.
Example Sentence: How much stock do you own in the company?
His Microsoft stock must be worth millions.

SPECULATOR spɛkyəˌleɪtər

07 Mar 2020


  • Someone who buys and sells stocks and shares in the hope of making a profit through changes in their value.
Example Sentence: A property speculator is interested in buying some farmland from us. He hopes to be able to build houses on it one day.

SHARE CERTIFICATE ʃɛər sərˈtɪfɪkɪt

06 Mar 2020


  • Certificate representing the number of shares owned by an investor.
Example Sentences: In order to sell shares you own in a publicly-listed company, you will need to show your share certificate to your broker.
If you lose your share certificate, you will have to request another one from the company secretary of the company you have invested in.

SHARE ʃɛər

05 Mar 2020


  • The capital of a company is divided into shares which entitle the owner, or shareholder, to a proportion of the profits.
Example Sentences: The value of this company's shares has gone up 45% in the last week.
How many shares will we get in the company?

SECURITIES sɪˈkyʊərɪti

04 Mar 2020


  • Transferable certificates showing ownership of stock, bonds, shares, options, etc.
Example Sentence: Before we can grant you a loan, we would need some collateral from you in the form of securities.

PENNY STOCK pɛni stɒk

03 Mar 2020


  • Shares selling at less than $1 a share.
Example Sentence: Part of my investment portfolio is in penny stocks. I'm expecting some good news from one company very soon and I hope this will boost its stock price.

PORTFOLIO pɔrtˈfoʊliˌoʊ

02 Mar 2020


  • Various types of securities held by an individual or institution.
Example Sentence: Investment in real estate makes up the bulk of his investment portfolio, but he also has some considerable investment in gold.

OPTION ɒpʃən

01 Mar 2020


  • The right to buy and sell certain securities at a specified price and period of time.
Example Sentence: Part of the deal is that we are given options to buy 100,000 shares at 0.35c a share.

MUTUAL FUND myutʃuəl fʌnd

29 Feb 2020


  • Savings fund that uses cash from a pool of savers to buy securities such as stock, bonds and real estate.
Example Sentence: It was another good week for mutual fund investors as equity markets moved higher and came within striking distance of the 11,000-point mark.

LIABILITIES /ˌlaɪ əˈbɪl ɪ teez/

28 Feb 2020


  • Liabilities include accounts payable (money you owe to suppliers), plus all current costs of doing business (mortgage payments, insurance, taxes, salaries, utilities).
Example Sentences:The business has liabilities of $2 million.
If our liabilities increase further, we’ll have to consider closing down the company.


27 Feb 2020


  • Buying or selling with the help of information known only to those connected with the business.
Example Sentence: Several executives in the company have been charged by the financial authorities with insider trading.

INSIDER ɪnˈsaɪdər

26 Feb 2020


  • All those who have access to inside information concerning the company.
Example Sentence: Carlson knows an insider in the company who's willing to pass him confidential information about the company's performance.

FUTURES fyutʃər

25 Feb 2020


  • Contracts to buy or sell securities at a future date.
Example Sentence: If you invest in futures and predict that a stock will decrease in value by a certain date, but the stock actually increases in value, you will lose money.

EQUITY ɛkwɪti

24 Feb 2020


  • The value of stocks and shares; the net value of mortgaged property.
Example Sentences: He sold his equity in the company last year.
The rights give holders the opportunity to purchase additional equity interests in the company at a big discount.

DIVIDEND dɪvɪˌdɛnd

23 Feb 2020


  • A portion of a company's earnings which is paid to the shareholders/stockholders on a quarterly or annual basis.
Example Sentence: Dividends of US$0.4 per share will be paid out to shareholders on March 31 after a year of record profits.