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AUTHORIZATION /ˌɔː.θər.aɪˈzeɪ.ʃən/

03 Jun 2013


  • the concept of allowing access to internet resources only to those permitted to use them
Example Sentences:Sorry, but you are not authorized to enter the forum. Please register as a new user.
Only myself and John are authorized to make changes to the website.

AUTHENTICATION /ˈəʊ.və.taɪm/

01 Jun 2013


  • this is a technique that limits access to Internet or intranet resources to visitors who identify themselves by entering a user name and password
Example Sentences:Authentication of user email addresses is essential to prevent owners of email addresses from receiving spam.
After registering, please click on the link in the email from us to authenticate your email address.

TO INFECT /ɪnˈfekt/

30 May 2013


  • to pass harmful programs from one computer to another, or within files in the same computer
Example Sentences:The computer network is down. It’s been infected by a virus.
A computer virus may lurk unseen in a computer's memory, calling up and infecting each of the machine's data files in turn.

WORM /wɝːm/

28 May 2013


  • Similar to a virus, this is a harmful computer program that self-replicates. Worms replicate by making copies of themselves. Typically, worms do not require a person to run them; they replicate automatically.
Example Sentences:What is the difference between a virus and a worm?
Many worms that have been created are only designed to spread, and don't attempt to alter the systems they pass through.

MALICIOUS CODE ˌ/məˈlɪʃ.əs koʊd/

26 May 2013


  • computer software capable of performing an unauthorized process on an information system, usually with the intent of causing damage
Example Sentences:Is this a trusted website? It might contain some malicious code.
If you visit a website containing malicious code, it could seriously damage your computer.


24 May 2013


  • a computer programme designed to detect viruses and any other harmful computer code, and prevent them from infecting your computer, network, website, etc.
Example Sentences:Norton is probably the best-known anti-virus software.
My anti-virus software is set to scan my computer on a weekly basis.

VIRUS /ˈvaɪə .rəs/

22 May 2013


  • a computer program or part of a computer program which can make copies of itself and is intended to prevent the computer from working normally
Example Sentences:I can’t even start my computer anymore. I think it must be infected with a virus.
Never open an email attachment if you don’t know who it’s from. It might contain a virus.


20 May 2013


  • the set of laws, rules, and practices that regulate how an organization manages, protects, and distributes sensitive information over the internet or intranet
Example Sentences:If it is important for a website to be secure, then it is important to be sure all of the security policy is enforced by mechanisms that are strong enough.
As our website has experienced a number of recent security breaches, we’re developing a new security policy.


18 May 2013


  • to open a computer file, network or website in order to look at or change information in it
Example Sentences:This won’t fix all of the issues, but it will certainly make it harder for hackers to access sensitive information.
I can’t access the website right now. Do you know if it’s down?

PASSWORD /ˈpɑːs.wɜːd/

16 May 2013


  • a string of characters to verify the identity of a user that logs on to a network or to a local computer
Example Sentences:So you mean all users have to register and log in with a username and password?
Ensure that your password includes at least six letters and one number.

USERNAME /ˈjuː.zə.neɪm/

14 May 2013


  • a name to identify yourself to a computer or network - you will need this when you log in
Example Sentences:If you’ve forgotten your username, follow this link.
For this particular login, your username is your registered email address.


11 May 2013

phrasal verb

  • to connect to a computer to a computer system by typing your name (or username and password)
Example Sentences:Please log in with your username and password.
After you have logged in, click on “My Account.”

TO REGISTER /ˈredʒ.ɪ.stər/

10 May 2013


  • to put information, especially your name or email address, into an official list or record on a website
Example Sentences:To use the forum of this site, you need to register.
Only registered users can access the subscriber’s area of the site.


09 May 2013


  • A website or network with a sign-in policy requires all users to log in with a username and password. This ensures that only registered users enter the site.
Example Sentences:Workplace English Training E-Platform has a sign-in policy. Only registered users can enter the member’s area.
Most premium content sites have a sign-in policy.

SECURE /sɪˈkjʊər/

08 May 2013


  • describes a computer or computer network which is safe from external threats, risks, etc.
Example Sentences:The security audit report concluded that our website is 100% secure.
Make sure your site is very secure because you hold a lot of confidential information on it.