Banking and Finance

BLUE CHIP blu tʃɪp

30 Jul 2020


  • a company/investment that is usually profitable; whose shares that can be traded profitably and reliably in the stock market.
Example Sentence: US blue chip stocks fell today as the housing sector remains deeply depressed.

BANKER’S DRAFT bæŋkərs dræft

12 Jul 2020


  • a written promise from a bank to pay money, especially to another bank.
Example Sentence: We require a banker's draft to secure the deal.

BEAR MARKET bɛər mɑrkɪt

07 Jun 2020


  • a downward market trend when prices of shares, commodities etc are falling and the market is pessimistic. When this occurs there is usually high inflation and unemployment.
Example Sentence: Investment in a bear market might make sense.

BULL MARKET bʊl mɑrkɪt

06 Jun 2020


  • an upward market trend when prices of shares, commodities etc are rising and the market is optimistic.
Example Sentence: Though things seem to be improving in our sector, the bull market won't come back.

RALLY ˈræli

05 Jun 2020


  • when share prices (or the stock exchange itself) return to a strong position after a period of weakness.
Example Sentence: Unfortunately I only started buying shares when the summer stock market rally was over so I didn't get as rich as some of my friends did.

SLUSH FUND slʌʃ slʌʃ

26 May 2020


  • a certain amount of money kept for illegal and/or dishonest purposes, mainly for politics OR a reserve fund (not necessarily in the context of corruption).
Example Sentence: We all know that almost all the parties in this country have money that can be used as a little slush fund when needed.

INSOLVENT /ɪnˈsɒl vənt/

16 May 2020


  • A person or company becomes insolvent if they are unable to pay their debts when they are due to be paid.
Example Sentences:Probably 90% of the adult population in this country are insolvent in real terms due mainly to mortgage debts.
After the loss of several major contracts, the company has become insolvent.

GROSS PROFIT MARGIN groʊs prɒfɪt mɑrdʒɪn

09 May 2020


  • The difference between the selling price of a product or service and the cost of producing it, excluding taxation, salaries paid to employees, overheads (electricity, office rent etc).
Example Sentence: There were so many items I had to work with that in the end I made a mistake in calculating our gross profit margin.

COLLATERAL kəˈlætərəl

07 May 2020


  • a car, a house or something valuable that you promise to give the lender if you cannot pay back the money you borrowed from them.
Example Sentence: I need $20.000 urgently. I can put my flat in London up as collateral – it must be worth 10 times as much as that.

CREDIT LIMIT krɛdɪt lɪmɪt

01 May 2020


  • the maximum amount of money a financial institution e.g. a bank is willing to give someone.
Example Sentence: If your credit limit with your bank is too low, it's not the best solution to acquire credit cards from several different banks.

REMORTGAGE reɪmɔrgɪdʒ

28 Mar 2020


  • arrange a second mortgage (= an agreement with a bank or similar organization in which you borrow money to buy property), or increase the first mortgage, especially in order to obtain more money.
Example Sentence: In order to raise funds to pay off my debts, I’ve had to remortgage my apartment.

MORTGAGE mɔrgɪdʒ

27 Mar 2020


  • An agreement which allows you to borrow money from a bank or similar organization, especially in order to buy a house or an apartment.
Example Sentence: Banks are now being a lot more cautious about who they lend money to. It’s getting much more difficult to arrange a mortgage on a property.


26 Mar 2020


  • profit (or loss) on an investment, often expressed as a percentage.
Example Sentence: I initially invested $50,000 in the company. In the past 5 years, the company has paid me $150,000 in profit share. That’s what I call an excellent return on investment.

HEDGE FUNDS hɛdʒ fʌnd

25 Mar 2020


  • Hedge funds are speculative funds which make large bets on market movements. They utilize borrowed money to substantially leverage their returns (and losses), often at a factor of ten to one, or more. They purchase exotic securities and also take substantial short positions when they think the market or a particular sector of the market will go down.
Example Sentence: Hedge funds are extremely risky and are suitable for high-wealth investors only.

CASH RICH kæʃ rɪtʃ

24 Mar 2020


  • describes someone who has most of the wealth in cash.
Example Sentence: I keep all my money in the bank in a high-interest account. I consider myself to be cash rich.